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Calgary & Alberta
SAIT Polytechnic is located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, which is a multicultural city with a diverse history.
Canada is the second largest country in the world with an area of about 9,980,000 square km (3,894,500 square miles) extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. The country has ten provinces and three territories with a population of over 30,000,000.
Canadians are proud of their multicultural heritage. By law, all races and cultures have equal status and rights in the country. The official languages of Canada are English and French. English is the most commonly spoken language in Alberta.
Alberta is located in western Canada, bounded by the provinces of British Colombia to the west and Saskatchewan in the east, the Northwest Territories to the north and the US state of Montana to the south. It is one of Canada's three Prairie Provinces including Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It has an estimated population of 3.6 million people and is the fourth largest province geographically.
Alberta has a dry continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. In the summer, continental air masses produce maximum temperatures from 32˚C (90˚F) in the mountains to 40˚C (104˚F) in southern Alberta. In the winter, temperatures vary from -54˚C (-65˚F) in northern Alberta to -46˚C (-51˚F) in southern Alberta.
Popular tourist destinations in Alberta include Canmore, Sylvan Lake, Drumheller, Banff and Jasper. While Edmonton is the capital city of Alberta, Calgary is the largest.
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Calgary is located in the southern part of Alberta and is the fourth largest city in Canada, with a population of over 1,000,000. Like most cities in Canada, Calgary has a multicultural character. Calgary is well known for its citizen's friendliness and hospitality, as well as the natural beauty of its surroundings.
Calgary is approximately 80 km (50 mi) from the Canadian Rocky Mountains and several mountain resorts, and is a perfect location for activities such as skiing, skating, hiking, fishing and cycling.
There are numerous events and festivals held annually including the Calgary International Film Festival, Calgary Folk Music Festival, Lilac Festival, GlobalFest and the most well known - the Calgary Stampede.
Calgary is home to three professional sports teams - the Calgary Stampeders (CFL), Calgary Flames (NHL) and Calgary Roughnecks (NLL).
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The earliest known human settlers in the prairies where Calgary is situated lived here 12,000 years ago. Before European traders arrived, the area was the home of four main First Nation tribes in the Blackfoot Confederacy: the Peigan, the Blood, the Blackfoot, and the Tsuu T'ina. It is thought that the first European to see the area was Hudson's Bay Company trader David Thompson, who arrived in 1787.
|1875||Northwest Mounted Police established Fort Calgary. This was the first permanent European settlement.|
|1883||The Canadian Pacific Railroad reached Calgary. The railroad crosses Canada from East to West.|
|1884||Joseph B. Tyrell discovered dinosaur fossils near Drumheller, attracting worlwide attention.|
|1894||Calgary was incorporated as a city. It had 2,500 citizens.|
|1895||The first well in search of natural gas was drilled. It was a dry hole.|
|1909||The first successful natural gas well drilled was dubbed "Old Glory". The well produced 2.2 million cubic meters of gas a day.|
|1912||The first Stampede was held in Calgary. It featured cowboys and cowgirls, rodeo riding, vaudeville acts, and the parade with Native Indians in full ceremonial dress.|
|1914||Oil was discovered in Turner Valley, just south of Calgary.|
|1916||The Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) was established. Originally called Provincial Institute of Technology and Arts, it was later changed to SAIT Polytechnic.|
|1917||Annie Gale was elected Alderman. She was the first woman in the British Empire elected to serve on a municipal council.|
|1967||The University of Calgary was established.|
|1988||Calgary hosted the Winter Olympics.|
|2007||Calgary's population reaches over 1 million people.|
|2012||The 100th anniversary of the Calgary Stampede.|