History of SAIT
SAIT Polytechnic has a rich history beginning with its creation as the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art (PITA) in 1916. The first publicly-funded technical institute in Canada, PITA was initially housed at the Colonel James Walker School and the adjacent police and fire station in southeast Calgary.
From its earliest days, PITA focused on hands-on, skills-oriented training designed to meet the practical needs of employers, a philosophy that continues to this day.
PITA officially opened its doors October 16, 1916 with programs in motor mechanics and metal working, 11 students and seven staff. Within two weeks, 370 students were enrolled, all but 11 in evening, Saturday or correspondence classes. Soon, PITA was retraining so many returning soldiers from World War I that civilian instruction was suspended for two years. In 1918, PITA also became a hospital facility for a short time to treat victims of the worldwide influenza pandemic.
PITA re-opened to regular students in 1920 and moved to the present-day SAIT campus in 1922, with the completion of the three-storey red brick and sandstone building - now known as Heritage Hall - that is still a landmark today. The facility was shared with the Calgary Normal School, a teacher-training facility. This arrangement continued until the normal school moved in 1960 to the campus that would become the University of Calgary.
The power plant was also part of the original campus in 1922. A portion still stands today and is known as the Eugene Coste Building.
Correspondence courses flourished in the 1920s, along with outreach night school programs to rural areas. The art department was established in 1926 with classes in oils, watercolours, decorative design and lettering. During the early 1930s - the worst years of the Great Depression - government funding to PITA was drastically cut, forcing the school to double tuition fees, drop programs and reduce salaries. Enrolment plummeted as education became unaffordable. In response to the desperate times, PITA replaced most regular programming with free classes for the unemployed.
Shortly after the outbreak of World War II, PITA began delivering courses under the federal War Emergency Training Program. At the height of the war-effort training, classes ran around the clock to accommodate regular students as well as vocational training for the armed forces.
In 1940, PITA's facilities were taken over by the Royal Canadian Air Force to serve as the No. 2 Wireless Training School of the Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Most regular classes moved to the Calgary Stampede grounds, while the art department and women's programs relocated to a Mount Royal mansion the city had repossessed for back taxes. The normal school moved to King Edward School.
Classes resumed on campus in 1946. Subsequent years marked significant growth to meet the province's need for a skilled workforce. Apprenticeship training began at PITA in 1948, with 42 apprentices enrolled in auto body repair. Eight years later, PITA enrolled 1,710 apprentices in six programs, twice the number of regular day students.
The first wing of the Thomas Riley Building was constructed in 1952 and the facility saw several more additions over the next two-and-a-half decades. The John Ware Building opened in 1958.
In 1960, PITA was renamed the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) and the art department, although still part of SAIT, became the Alberta College of Art (ACA).
The E.H. Crandell Building (originally the Student Activities Building) opened in 1963 and the Senator Burns Building in 1967.
SAIT became a residential campus with the opening of Owasina Hall in 1972. During the 1988 Winter Olympics, Owasina Hall housed athletes and games officials from around the world.
ACA moved to its new facility, the Nellie McClung Building, on the SAIT campus in 1973.
The Campus Centre recreation building opened in 1980, the same year the Mayland Heights Campus was established (Bob Edwards Building).
On April 1, 1982 SAIT and several other provincial post-secondary schools became autonomous board-governed institutions. Previously, they had been under direct control of the Ministry of Advanced Education.
Heritage Hall was designated a provincial historic resource in 1985 and a national historic site in 1989.
ACA became an independent entity in 1985 and its name was amended to Alberta College of Art and Design in 1995.
The N.R. "Buck" Crump Building at Mayland Heights Campus opened in 1999.
A major revitalization project completed in 2001 included the construction of the Stan Grad Centre (originally referred to as the Heart Building) and the restoration of Heritage Hall.
East Hall residence opened in 2001, and the Tower residence in 2008 (which was later named the Begin Tower in 2012). The aging Owasina Hall residence was taken out of service in 2006.
The Clayton Carroll Automotive Centre was completed in 2002.
The Art Smith Aero Centre for Training and Technology opened at the Calgary International Airport in 2004. It features many specialized labs, a large hangar and an array of aircraft including a Boeing 737-200 and a Bombardier Challenger 601-3.
The Brawn Fieldhouse overlooking the Cohos Commons was completed in 2006. A new parking garage under the commons opened in 2009 and the playing field above was resurfaced with artificial turf.
On Sept. 5, 2012, SAIT officially opened the doors to the 740,000 sq. ft. Trades and Technology Complex, which consists of three buildings - the Aldred Centre, Cenovus Energy Centre and Johnson-Cobbe Energy Centre. The $400-million expansion project is the largest in SAIT's history, adding capacity for an additional 8,100 students.
In September 2012, SAIT also opened the doors to the Culinary Campus, located in downtown Calgary. The campus offers an additional learning space for Baking and Pastry Arts and Professional Cooking students as well as continuing education classes and corporate team building events.
In 2003, SAIT became a founding member of Polytechnics Canada and was rebranded as SAIT Polytechnic in 2004. Polytechnic education is characterized by:
- close ties with business and industry to ensure programs reflect needs of the workplace
- diverse programming in technical, business and creative fields, with a balance of skills-based and theoretical learning
- a range of credentials from certificates and apprenticeships to bachelor degrees, and options to ladder into other credentials
- opportunities for students to participate in applied research and other innovative projects connected with industry.
Today SAIT offers 77 certificate, diploma and applied degree programs, over 30 apprenticeship trades, two baccalaureate degrees and 1,675 continuing education and corporate training courses. Annual registrations total over 71,000.
Programs are delivered through eight academic schools: Business, Construction, Energy, Health and Public Safety, Hospitality and Tourism, Information and Communications Technologies, Manufacturing and Automation, and Transportation. English language foundations and academic upgrading are also offered.
More than 1,000 partners from business and industry serve on SAIT's program advisory committees to ensure students receive hands-on, practical training that reflects the needs of the workplace. These partnerships have also established seven Centres of Technology to enhance learning opportunities for students.
SAIT is a leader in applied research and innovation, providing expertise and resources to industry and real-world learning experiences to students. SAIT has also delivered training in some 30 countries.
SAIT was a founding sponsor of WorldSkills Calgary 2009 - an international competition devoted to raising awareness that the skilled trades and technologies are vital to the global economy. Some 150,000 visitors attended WorldSkills and the SAIT campus served as the Competitors' Village.
|1916||Establishment of Provincial Institute of Technology and Art (PITA)|
|1922||Move to present-day SAIT campus; completion of Main Building (today's Heritage Hall) and power plant (Eugene Coste Building)|
|1940-45||Campus taken over for World War II training; classes move to other Calgary locations|
|1946||Classes resume on campus|
|1948||First apprenticeship classes|
|1952||Thomas Riley Building (with additions to 1977)|
|1958||John Ware Building|
|1960||PITA renamed Southern Alberta Institute of Technology; art department becomes Alberta College of Art (ACA)|
|1963||E.H. Crandell Building|
|1967||Senator Burns Building|
|1972||Owasina Hall residence (closed in 2006)|
|1973||ACA moves to Nellie McClung Building|
|1980||Campus Centre; Mayland Heights Campus established (Bob Edwards Building)|
|1982||SAIT becomes a board-governed institution|
|1985||Main Building is renamed Heritage Hall and is designated a provincial historic resource; ACA is granted autonomy from SAIT|
|1989||Heritage Hall is designated a national historic site|
|1992||Rance Fisher Wellsite Production Education Centre|
|1999||N.R. "Buck" Crump Building at Mayland Heights Campus|
|2001||East Hall residence; Stan Grad Centre (originally called the Heart Building); Heritage Hall restoration|
|2002||Clayton Carroll Automotive Centre|
|2004||Rebranding to SAIT Polytechnic; Art Smith Aero Centre for Training and Technology
|2009||Parking garage under Cohos Commons|
|2012||Trades and Technology Complex opens; Culinary Campus opens in downtown Calgary|
The Aldred Centre, the largest of the Trades and Technology Complex buildings, is named after John and Cheryl Aldred. In 2010, the family gave $15 million in support of the Promising FuturesTM campaign. At the time, it was the largest donation ever received by a Canadian community college or polytechnic institution. A SAIT alumnus, Mr. Aldred became a licensed heavy duty mechanic after graduating from SAIT in 1968. The 440,000 sq. ft. building houses the Enerplus Centre for Innovation - a futuristic research facility where SAIT's Applied Research and Innovation Services department, and the main office for theSchool of Construction.
Art Smith Aero Centre for Training and Technology
Arthur R. Smith (1919-2008) was a Calgary native who figured prominently in Canada's aviation history. He served overseas in World War II as a Royal Air Force bomber command squadron leader, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and concluded his military career as a test pilot for the Royal Canadian Air Force. He was president of two aircraft firms, a member of the Air Crew Association, Honorary Colonel of the 416 Tactical Fighter Squadron at Cold Lake, a director of the Calgary Airport Authority and a member of the Provincial Air Strategy Steering Committee. Smith had a distinguished public service career as a city alderman, an MLA and a three-time MP. His many honours included the Order of Canada, the Alberta Order of Excellence and an honorary degree from SAIT.
SAIT's newest residence tower is named after Mike Begin, a former SAIT Board of Governors chair. Before retiring in 2011, Begin was a key player in the development of the tower which became a replacement for Owasina Hall, which closed on 2006. Begin also helped secure $300 million in funding from the Alberta Government, which went towards the development of the Trades and Technology Complex.
Bob Edwards Building, Mayland Heights Campus
Robert Chalmers Edwards (1864-1922), known as "Eye-Opener Bob," was a newspaper man and social reformer who came west in the 1890s. Settling in Calgary in 1904, he began publishing the Calgary Eye Opener, which, until his death, appeared with irregular frequency. He was at times as much a character as the political personalities, social pretenders and town oddities he lampooned. Although he had a fondness for alcohol, he supported prohibition in the 1915 plebiscite. After years of satirizing politicians, Edwards ran as an independent in 1921, winning a seat in the Alberta Legislature. His service was cut short the next year and at his funeral, policemen in dress uniform were his pall bearers.
SAIT has enjoyed a long-standing association with the Brawn Foundation, a Calgary organization devoted to supporting health, education and community activities. An endowment created by the foundation funds scholarships for SAIT students. The foundation was a major donor to the construction of the fieldhouse.
Cenovus Energy Centre
The Cenovus Energy Centre is the smallest building of the Trades and Technology Complex. At approximately 40,000 square feet, it houses the Power Engineering Technology (PET) and Process and Power Operations programs. The building is named after Canadian oil company Cenovus who donated $3 million towards the construction of the Complex.
Clayton Carroll Automotive Centre
In recognition of the impact and value a SAIT education made on his life, alumnus Clayton Carroll donated $1 million to enhance automotive training for SAIT students. Carroll was born in Nevis, Alberta. Upon graduating from SAIT's automotive service technician diploma program in 1940, he worked as a foreman at Calgary's munitions plant where he helped build naval guns for the armed forces. After World War II, he was service manager for Hammill Motors Ltd., followed by five years in truck sales at the White Motor Company of Canada Ltd. In 1953 he and partner James Burns founded Pioneer Paving Ltd. and went on to build the first phases of several of Calgary's major roads including the Deerfoot, Blackfoot and Sarcee trails.
Martin Cohos, a Calgary architect, contributed his expertise to a number of SAIT building projects including the design and construction of the Heart Building and renovations to Heritage Hall. In 2007, SAIT awarded him an honorary applied degree in recognition of his significant contributions to the business sector, his commitment to the community and to SAIT. Cohos was also the first recipient of a new SAIT honour - the President's Volunteer Award - in 2008.
E.H. Crandell Building
Edward Henry Crandell's (1858-1944) business activities changed the face of Calgary. The former mayor of Brampton, Ontario arrived in Calgary in 1900 and operated an insurance and real estate agency until he established the Calgary Pressed Brick and Sandstone Company in 1906. His brick plant was located in Brickburn on the Bow River near Shaganappi Hill. The firm constructed some of Calgary's finest buildings and residences, most with a characteristic combination of brick and sandstone. Crandell was active in Calgary's social life and fraternal orders and also held aldermanic and school trustee offices.
Eugene Coste Building
Eugene Coste (1859-1940) was responsible for the discovery of natural gas in Alberta. A geologist and engineer who had already discovered gas in Ontario, he was convinced that parts of Alberta contained large amounts of natural gas. Drilling in 1909 near Bow Island produced a large commercial field that led to the formation of the Canadian Western Natural Gas, Light, Heat and Power Company. On July 17, 1912 natural gas reached Calgary through a 176-mile transmission line, the longest 16-inch pipeline in North America at that time. Coste's vision and industrial pioneering earned him recognition as father of Canada's natural gas industry.
John Ware Building
Cattle drover John Ware (1845-1905) arrived here in 1883 from the United States. Born into slavery, he lived to become one of the most respected ranchers in the Calgary district. His understanding of cattle, his ability to ride and his sense of humour made him respected by cowboy and rancher alike. At a time when a man was judged by his neighbourliness, his loyalty and the way he honoured his word, Ware was a paragon and legend of the old west. Excellent horseman though he was, his death was the result of a riding accident. His funeral was the largest Calgary had seen to that time. In September of 2001 the cafeteria in the John Ware Building was re-named the 4 Nines after John Ware's brand - 9999.
Johnson-Cobbe Energy Centre
The west wing of the Trades and Technology Complex, the Johnson-Cobbe Energy Centre houses the MacPhail School of Energy. The building is named for Petroleum Engineering Technology and Reservoir graduates David Johnson and Murray Cobbe who each contributed $5 million dollars towards the building's construction through the Promising FuturesTM Campaign. The 273,000 sq. ft. facility is located near the centre of SAIT's campus, completing the revitalization of the 14 Avenue entry from 14 Street to Heritage Hall.
Nellie McClung Building
Nellie McClung (1873-1951) was a feminist and social activist who championed women's suffrage and the temperance movement. Born in Ontario, McClung and her pharmacist husband and five children lived in Manitoba before arriving in Alberta in 1914. She is largely credited with the effort that resulted in Manitoba becoming the first province to grant women the right to vote in 1916. McClung was elected a Liberal member of the Alberta Legislature in 1921. She is perhaps best known as one of the "Famous Five" (along with Irene Parlby, Henrietta Muir Edwards, Emily Murphy and Louise McKinney) who successfully fought to have Canadian women legally recognized as persons under the British North America Act in 1929.
N.R. "Buck" Crump Building, Mayland Heights Campus
Norris Roy "Buck" Crump (1904-1989) was reared in a railway environment. His father signed on as a section hand with the CPR at Winnipeg less than a month after his arrival from England. Born in Revelstoke, Buck Crump was already hard at work for the railway by age 16. On his way to the CEO's office, he worked his way from engine wiper through just about every job in the operating and motive power departments. As CEO, his extensive railway knowledge and hands-on experience earned him the respect and admiration of many employees. He is remembered chiefly for phasing out steam locomotives across the CPR system in favour of more efficient diesel power.
Rance Fisher Wellsite Production Education Centre
Rance E. Fisher has been an enthusiastic contributor to SAIT for many years. He helped to equip facilities, served on several program advisory committees and donated a working service rig to the Wellsite Production Education Centre.
The Wellsite Production Education Centre is SAIT's original Centre of Technology, established in 1992. This fully operational oil and gas production facility includes a 757 meter directional well bore and a functioning service rig. It offers rig technician, instrumentation control, plant operations, H2S, and service rig operations training to students in apprenticeship, diploma and applied degree programs. The facility also serves as a technology demonstration and test site for the energy industry.
Senator Burns Building
While homesteading in Manitoba, Patrick Burns (1856-1937) won a contract to supply meat to the CPR crews building the railway. He followed the rails across the west and by 1890 he had settled in Calgary and opened an abattoir. This grew into a meat packing business and food company that made Calgary the western Canadian headquarters of the livestock industry. The operations were successful due to Burns' control of all phases of production: distribution and marketing were as important to him as the operation of his six ranches. An accomplished horseman, Burns was one of the Big Four who underwrote the 1912 Calgary Stampede. He was appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1931.
Stan Grad Building
At the centre of SAIT campus is the Stan Grad building which connects to Heritage Hall. The building is named after Stan Grad, a 1967 Petroleum Technology alumnus who donated $7 million towards the Promising Futures TM campaign. While a student, Grad was unsure he wanted to complete his education at SAIT; however, instructor Reg Erhardt encouraged him to continue. Erhardt, a SAIT instructor for 29 years, eventually became SAIT's president from 1990-91. The library inside the Stan Grad building is named the Reg Erhardt Library in his honor.
Thomas Riley Building
SAIT is located on land that once formed a part of Thomas Riley's ranch. Riley (1842-1909) was born in Derbyshire, England and in 1862 came to Canada. His wife and their 10 children arrived in Calgary in 1887. The family moved north of the Bow River to what are now the Hillhurst and Hounsfield Heights communities. The Rileys were among the most well-known residents of southern Alberta and did much to promote the province. Riley was a prominent member of the community and was twice a candidate for election to the North West Legislature.
Several SAIT roadways are named in honour of early principals of the Institute:
|Miller Avenue||Dr. J.C. Miller||1916-1917|
|Boyce Crescent||J.F. Boyce||1917-1918|
|Ross Road||J.H. Ross||1919-1923 (Acting|
|Dr. Carpenter Circle||Dr. W.G. Carpenter||1924-1941|
|Fowler Drive||Dr. James Fowler||1941-1952|
- SAIT Polytechnic